Tuberculosis

What is Tuberculosis (TB)?

Tuberculosis or TB is a disease in which germs attack different parts of the body. The lungs are the area most often attacked. Tuberculosis can become worse if the germs are not stopped.

How do people get Tuberculosis (TB)?

Breathing the germs into your lungs spreads tuberculosis. An infected person either coughs or sneezes the germs into the air and the air is inhaled by the people around them.

Who is most likely to catch Tuberculosis (TB)?

Anyone is at risk for contracting Tuberculosis. However, people at high risk for contracting Tuberculosis are those born in a foreign country where TB rates are higher, drug and alcohol abusers, people living in crowded conditions, and people with AIDS or HIV.

Is there a vaccine for Tuberculosis?

There is a vaccine for Tuberculosis called BCG. The vaccine is given in some countries. If you have been vaccinated with BCG your skin test may react as if you are infected with Tuberculosis. Inform your Physician if you have been vaccinated with BCG.

What is a TB (Tuberculosis) skin test?

The TB skin test is the easiest way to tell if you have been infected with Tuberculosis. This test is also called a PPD.

How is a TB skin test administered?

A small needle is inserted on your forearm and a material called tuberculin is injected under your skin. A healthcare worker or your Physician then reads the test in 2-3 days. If you have a “bump” of a certain size where the skin test was administered it means you could possibly have a TB infection and your Physician will order a chest x-ray and sputum culture.

What is the treatment for TB?

The health department will be informed of a case of TB. Treatment of oral medication for up to six months will be given.

How will I live with Tuberculosis?

Most patients can live as they have before if you are treated properly with medication from your physician or health department. People can’t do all the things before they were diagnosed with Tuberculosis. Just remember to do as your Doctor tells you and follow up regularly with chest x-rays, sputum samples, and Doctor visits and keep taking your medication.